Birth and Early Life of Jesus
A Jewish devout Mary gave birth to a child who was later known as Jesus. According to the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, Mary was conceived by a miracle of the holy spirit, when she was virgin. Later Mary married Joseph. Jesus was born in Bethlehem following a decree by Roman emperor which ordered all families to register for a census in their ancestral home towns. There is no mention of Jesus birth in the Gospels of Mark and John as it started the narratives from adulthood of Jesus.
Teaching by Jesus
Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist at the age of 30. This event is marked as the beginning of Jesus' ministry. Some people also says that human Jesus became divine after this event.
After Jesus became baptist, several followers of John joined Jesus. Several other also joined him. Jesus established a group of 12 disciples. Two of these disciples John and Matthew later became authors of Gospels.
Jesus spend 1 to 3 years among his disciples in teaching. He also showed many miracles in front of his disciples and large crowd. He raised a man from the dead. He walked on water, turned water to wine, healed many sick person, multiplied a small meal to feed a crowd and casted out demons.
Jesus taught the importance of love and kindness, even to one's enemies. He also taught about the kingdom of God.
As popularity of Jesus increased he also started to face growing opposition from local leaders. Roman rulers were not comfortable with the common idea that Jesus was born to liberate the Jews from Roman rule. Jews leaders were also not satisfied with Jesus' new interpretations of then existing Jewish law.
Betrayal and Execution
Jesus asked his disciples many times that his end is near but they did not understood the idea. Jesus met with his disciples at the last supper on the night before his death. Jesus shared wine and bread with his disciples on that occasion. Jesus also predicted on that evening that one of his disciples will betray him which was met with surprise and deny. On that very night, one of his disciples Judas Iscariot led Roman soldiers to Jesus for thirty pieces of silver coins and arrested Jesus.
Roman soldiers brought Jesus to the Jewish chief priests for trial. Jesus was sentenced to death for blasphemy and was handed over to the Roman governor of Judea for execution of the punishment. Though governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate, was not very interested to punish Jesus, he had to carry the death sentence to avoid anger of the mob present there. According to Gospel of Matthew, Judas threw his silver coins into the temple and hanged himself, when he heard about the sentence of Jesus.
On the date of his sentence, Jesus was first brutally beaten and forced to wore a crown of thorns. Then he was crucified. Crucifixion is a Roman method to nail or tie victims hand and feet to a wooden cross. It forces a painful and slow death.
Only mother of Jesus and a few other women were present at the execution. Jesus suffered on the cross for about six hours before his death. The Gospels of Mark and Matthew reported many super natural events at the time of death of Jesus. There were a great earthquake and the entire land became dark.
The Empty Tomb
Joseph of Arimathea took the body of Jesus down from the cross and placed him in a tomb. Only mother of Jesus and few female disciples were present at that time. On the next Sunday morning, those same disciples went to his tomb to anoint his body with spices. They were surprised to find that the stone covering of the tomb is moved and there is no body inside the tomb.
Stories of what happened after death of Jesus varies a little in the four Gospels. When women told other disciples of Jesus about the disappearance of body of Jesus, no one believed their story. The risen Jesus later appeared to his disciples and many other groups. He allowed his disciples to touch him to prove that he is not ghost and he also ate with them. Later he declared that he is ascending into heaven.
The resurrection of Jesus is central to the belief of early church. Though it is not possible to verify what actually happened or what the disciples experienced, Christian churches believes from an early date, that Jesus had been raised from the dead and the resurrection remained the central message in the preaching of apostles. Paul wrote in his first letter to Corinthians, on 55 AD, that the resurrection is of "first importance" and that "if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith."
The belief of Jesus' resurrection give his believer peace in real life and they can think for a favorable faith in the next life after death. The hope of better life after death is source of incredible courage shown by early Christian martyrs.